Le new Chapter VIII / Building du security code of the Régie du bâtiment du Québec (RBQ) came into force on 18 March 2013. Now, the group of co-owners or the owners of a residential building have the obligation to have a thorough and periodic inspection of the facades of high-rise buildings (by engineers or architects) and parking lots staged with professionals (engineers). This requirement of the RBQ aims to improve the safety of all buildings of five (5) floors and more above ground and equipment intended for the use of the public.
Role of the engineer
Our role in inspecting the facades of a building, in order to ensure public safety, is to:
- Discover the pathologies related to the facades of the studied building;
- Certify in the verification report that the facades do not present any dangerous condition, if it is the case (attestation of conformity);
- On the contrary, the engineer draws up a list of works to be carried out to make the building safe;
Steps of the inspection
Onesta Building is specialized in theinspection facades for residential buildings (condominium buildings, apartment buildings). Here are the main steps that the engineer will follow:
- Visual inspection;
- Inspection with instruments;
- In-depth inspection (exploratory holes).
- Consultation of building plans;
- Facade inspection;
- Discovery and prioritization of deficiencies;
- Notice and form (if there is a dangerous condition);
- Writing of the report :
- Realization of the plans with the localization of the deficiencies;
- Recommendations and steps to follow to ensure public safety.
Given our particularly harsh weather conditions, it goes without saying that tiered parking lots * experience the effects of freezing and thawing and de-icing products. The 122 law therefore requires owners and co-owners to inspect, every five years (5), an engineer, the structure of parking (columns, structural concrete slabs, beams, etc.).
La Régie du bâtiment (RBQ) requires a thorough audit of the staged parking lots to ensure that there is no dangerous condition "A condition in which a parking lot is located when one of its components may imminently fall or collapse and cause injury to persons".
If the engineer discovers a dangerous condition or conditions, he must inform the owner (or the Union) and the RBQ (declaration form) and explain the emergency measures it intends to take to counter threats to public safety.
Comprehensive Audit Report
according to 400 article of the Security Code (CBCS), the engineer's comprehensive audit report must contain, among other things, the results of the verification of all structural elements:
- The characteristics of the concrete;
- The state of corrosion activity of reinforcement;
- The location and description of defects that may contribute to the development of hazardous conditions and their causes;
- Information on the bearing capacity of the parking slabs
* Multi-storey car parks: underground or overhead parking with a concrete slab with at least one running surface that does not rest on the ground.