In Quebec, the inspection of new buildings (Pre-acceptance) dwellings (houses and condos) is governed by the " Regulation respecting the Guarantee Plan for New Residential Buildings ". It is mandatory except for condominium buildings (divided co-ownership) of more than 4 superimposed private portions, undivided co-ownerships and converted condo buildings. All new individual home buyers must contribute and all residential construction contractors must be accredited. Thus, the builder and the buyer must inspect the property together if there is a guarantee plan for this one. This inspection marks the end of the work and the start of the warranty.
The contractor (builder) must provide a list of elements to be checked, according to the type of building, during the inspection of the new buildings. It is advisable to be accompanied by an experienced professional who can identify the deficiencies and apparent defects in the construction, as well as unfinished work.
Since the 1er January 2015, there has been a wind of change in the field of construction and it is now the Residential Construction Guarantee (GCR) which is the non-profit organization authorized by the Régie du bâtiment du Québec (RBQ) to administer the New Home Warranty Plans in replacement of the New Home Warranty (GMN) and Abritat (under the APCHQ) as well as Qualité Habitation (QH) managed by the Association de la construction du Québec (ACQ) ).
It is important that buyers verify that the contractor holds a license issued by the RBQ and is accredited by the Mandatory Guarantee Plan Administrator (GCR).
Tall buildings and others
The current warranty plans for residential buildings of more than four (4) superimposed dwellings are optional and managed by the Quebec Association of Construction and Housing Professionals (APCHQ) and ACQ. This optional warranty is also available for other buildings that are not covered by the mandatory warranty provided by the Regulation respecting the Guarantee Plan for New Residential Buildings.
Limited time limits
Within the warranty period of 1, 3 or 5 years depending on the case, "the beneficiary denounces in writing to the contractor the defect of construction found and transmits a copy of this information to the administrator to interrupt the prescription" (34.1 article of the Regulations).