The maintenance of the various components of the building is essential to preserve its integrity, both for its good functioning and for the aesthetic aspect of it.
The main components are, among others, the foundations, the structure, the vertical and horizontal envelope as well as the mechanical and electrical system. Each of these components consists of several elements, for example the vertical envelope includes the exterior cladding (bricks, stones, acrylic or other type of cladding), the air barrier, the cladding, the insulation and the cladding. steam.
These components have a limited useful life. Thus, the useful life of a French drain is about 25-35 years, the service life of asphalt shingles is from about 15 to 25 years, depending on the quality of materials and compliance of installation.
Building condition certificate for maintenance work
The components of the building require regular maintenance during their service life, such as repairing brick mortar joints and maintenance or replacement of sealing joints in the outer casing.
The owner of a house may be able to take care of the maintenance and replacement of the components of his property himself. On the other hand, in large buildings with multiple units and floors - where the owners have responsibility for common and private areas - the issue is more complex.
It must be determined what work to do, the order of priority, whether to repair or replace certain components. In addition, the cost of the work must be estimated and the amount that will be required reserve funds.
The intervention of a supervising engineer in civil engineering specializing in building is essential to help the co-owners and the syndicate in this process. This professional performs a visual inspection which consists of checking all the visible components of the building and determining the current state of these components and preparing a building condition certificate. In his report, the engineer makes his recommendations regarding the correction, maintenance or replacement work necessary to keep the building in good condition. This is in order to avoid the premature deterioration of the elements.
If desired, the engineer may establish a contingency fund based on his findings with respect to the condition of the components during the inspection. According to Civil Code of Quebecat least 5% of the common expenses must be paid into a contingency fund reserved for major repairs and replacements of the common parts.
Article 1071. The syndicate, based on the estimated cost of major repairs and the cost of replacing the common portions, is a liquidated, short-term contingency fund dedicated solely to these repairs and replacements. This fund is the property of the union.
From the building condition certificate, the engineer lists the major work to be undertaken in the years to come, forecasts the costs of this work and determines how much money the co-owners should put in their contingency fund. . In other words, the study of the provident fund allows the syndicate of co-owners to know the amount to be collected for Condo fees.